A sebum that contains too many fatty acids stimulates the production of free radicals that irritate the surface of the skin, producing more dead cells. The latter accumulate at the outlet of the pores until they are clogged and oxidized, creating (in contact with the air) open comedones, also called blackheads, with a dark color due to the oxidation that develops on the surface of the skin.
Otherwise, if the occlusion is deep, it will give rise to a closed blackhead also called white spot.
Sebum is very important for the well-being of the skin as it creates a thin superficial hydrolipidic layer that protects it from chemical compounds and bacterial infections, maintaining a normal level of hydration. However, if produced in excessive quantities, sebum is not effectively disposed, it accumulates at the level of the pores that are thus clogged.
There are several factors that can trigger the presence of comedones:
In some cases, moreover, there could be factors related to an incorrect diet (such as excessive consumption of sugar) or to periods of psychophysical stress.
But, among the triggering causes, there could also be an unsuitable or wrong skincare: not following all the steps of a correct daily skincare, such as not removing makeup well on the face, or not periodically performing a scrub, can create an accumulation of impurities on the skin by occluding the pores and trigger the formation of blackheads and pimples.
Below you will find a selection of products for impure skin:
The first advice is to take care of your skin in a systematic and continuous way, using quality products: a good scrub, a mask a week and the use of special creams designed for the type of skin are just some of the steps that you must follow every day that will allow you to have the skin always clean and free of impurities.
There are fundamental steps for proper daily skincare and to treat blackheads and limit their reappearance. In fact, even the use of wrong products or not suitable for your skin type can lead to the production of excess sebum.
If you use products that are too oily, for example, it facilitates the accumulation of impurities, or the poor quality of cosmetics can lead to the onset of pimples or blackheads.
From cleansing to scrub to hydration: here are the most important steps and the right products for every skin type.
To understand which are the right products to use, you must first know the type of skin you are going to treat. Speaking of excess sebum, we tend to be faced with oily skin, which appears shiny and oily, sometimes even dehydrated. Its complexion is rather dull and, to the touch, it is irregular, greasy, and rough.
In this type of skin, the hydro-lipid film becomes thicker and waxy, to hinder perspiration and promote the activity of microorganisms responsible for inflammation.
The daily cleansing must be deep and accurate but not too aggressive, and must lead to the normalization of sebum production, in fact normalizing oily skin is fundamental.
Use cleansers capable of treating the skin with imperfections and blackheads thanks to ingredients such as charcoal, zinc, or salicylic acid or oil-based cleansers that dissolve sebum.
Exfoliation is also important: it must be done 1-2 times a week, using a scrub to exfoliate the skin, freeing it from all impurities and accumulated dead cells. Also, useful are the purifying treatments based on steam, able to dilate the pores, favoring the elimination of excess sebum.
Purify and moisturize 1-2 times a week using a mask that can purify the skin in depth but also return those nutrients without weighing it down too much.
Clay, for example, can be a useful ally of beauty: periodically applied in the form of a mask it helps to purify the skin, facilitating the removal of blackheads, but steam-based purifying treatments are also excellent: able to dilate the pores favoring the elimination of excess sebum.
Take a look at our selection of cleansers:
In addition to paying special attention to the daily routine of facial cleansing, you also need to use some precautions. For example, you should never cover the blackheads with a heavy makeup that prevents the skin from natural perspiration worsening the situation, better make sure that makeup products are not comedogenic and above all better to choose them according to your skin type. It is also very important to remember to always and carefully remove makeup every night before going to sleep (this for all skins).
Finally, never confuse pimples and blackheads: sometimes we tend to mistakenly use the same products, while these are two completely different problems and as such must be treated.
Once the cleansing phase is over, you must carefully dry the skin and complete the daily treatment by applying a non-greasy moisturizer to the skin surface of the face. The treatments must therefore be able to ensure a balanced level of hydration and sebum production on the skin.
If, on the other hand, these are more specific issues, it is always advisable to consult a dermatologist to receive professional assistance.
Now that you have all the necessary notions about what blackheads are, why they form and above all how to treat them, you can choose the products to use and organize your skincare routine to always have a perfect and radiant skin.